Sultan: Hassanal Bolkiah
current time and date
currency: Brunei Dollar (BND)
Official languages
Life expectancy
Literacy rate
National anthem
Internet TLD & calling code:
Coat of arms
Brunei profile
close to vital sea lanes through South China Sea linking Indian and Pacific Oceans;

two parts physically separated by Malaysia;

almost an enclave within Malaysia
Brunei history
The Sultanate of Brunei's influence peaked between the 15th and 17th centuries when its control extended over coastal areas of northwest Borneo and the southern Philippines.

Brunei subsequently entered a period of decline brought on by internal strife over royal succession, colonial expansion of European powers, and piracy.

In 1888, Brunei became a British protectorate; independence was achieved in 1984.

The same family has ruled Brunei for over six centuries.

Brunei benefits from extensive petroleum and natural gas fields, the source of one of the highest per capita GDPs in Asia.
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Conventional long form: Brunei Darussalam

Conventional short form: Brunei

Local long form: Negara Brunei Darussalam

Local short form: Brunei
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Brunei's capital city is Bandar Seri Begawan
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Brunei Constitution:

29 September 1959 (some provisions suspended under a State of Emergency since December 1962, others since independence on 1 January 1984)
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Brunei population growth rate: 1.691%
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Brunei highest point: Bukit Pagon 1,850 m
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Brunei lowest point: South China Sea 0 m
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About 2% of Brunei's land is arable.
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Belait River is the Longest River in Brunei
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Brunei birth rate is 18 births/1,000 population
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Brunei infant mortality rate is 11 deaths/1,000 live births
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Brunei fertility rate is 1.83 children born/woman
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Brunei climate:


hot, humid, rainy
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Top 5 cities of Brunei with populations (2012 est.) are:
1. Bandar Seri Begawan: 64,409
2. Kuala Belait: 31,178
3. Seria: 30,097
4. Tutong: 19,151
5. Bangar: 3,536
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Brunei ethnic groups:

Malay - 66.3%

Chinese - 11.2%

indigenous - 3.4%

other - 19.1%
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Brunei Exports:

crude oil

natural gas

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Brunei Imports:

iron and steel

motor vehicles

machinery and transport equipment

manufactured goods


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the Sultan appointed a Legislative Council with 29 members in September 2005; he increased the size of the council to 33 members in June 2011; the council meets annually in March

Administrative Divisions:
4 districts (daerah-daerah, singular - daerah)

1. Belait
2. Brunei-Muara
3. Temburong
4. Tutong
Political parties and leaders:
National Development Party (NDP) - YASSIN Affendi